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Agreement of Subject and Verb Class 8

Agreement of Subject and Verb: A Guide for Class 8 Students

As you progress through your middle school English classes, you`ll encounter more and more grammar rules to master. One of the most important is the agreement of subject and verb – in other words, making sure that the verb in a sentence matches the subject in number and person. This might sound simple, but it can be a tricky concept to master. In this article, we`ll break down some of the key points of subject-verb agreement that you`ll need to know in class 8.

What is subject-verb agreement?

Subject-verb agreement means that the subject of a sentence (the person or thing doing the action) and the verb (the action itself) must match each other in terms of number and person. Here`s a simple example:

– The cat chases the mouse.

In this sentence, the subject is «the cat», and the verb is «chases». The subject and verb agree because they are both singular (referring to one cat chasing one mouse).

Let`s look at another example:

– The cats chase the mice.

In this sentence, the subject is «the cats», and the verb is «chase». The subject and verb agree because they are both plural (referring to multiple cats chasing multiple mice).

Common mistakes in subject-verb agreement

So, what are some of the common mistakes that students make when it comes to subject-verb agreement? Here are a few examples:

1. Using the wrong verb tense

For example, if your sentence is in the past tense (referring to something that has already happened), you need to use a past tense verb. Using a present tense verb instead can lead to confusion.

Incorrect: The cat chases the mouse yesterday.

Correct: The cat chased the mouse yesterday.

2. Forgetting about singular vs. plural

It`s easy to get mixed up when you`re dealing with collective nouns (nouns that refer to a group of people or things, like «team» or «family») or tricky subject-verb pairs (like «either… or» or «neither… nor»).

Incorrect: The team is not doing well because they aren`t working together.

Correct: The team is not doing well because it isn`t working together.

3. Misidentifying the subject

Sometimes it`s not immediately obvious what the subject of a sentence is. Make sure you take the time to identify it correctly – otherwise, you might end up with a verb that doesn`t match.

Incorrect: Running down the street, the sound of sirens could be heard in the distance.

Correct: Running down the street, I could hear the sound of sirens in the distance.

Tips for mastering subject-verb agreement

Now that you know some of the common mistakes to watch out for, here are a few tips to help you master subject-verb agreement:

– Pay attention to the subject of the sentence. Make sure you identify it correctly, and check whether it`s singular or plural.

– Check the verb form. Does it match the subject in terms of number and person? If not, see if you can revise the sentence to make it match better.

– Practice, practice, practice. The more you work with subject-verb agreement, the easier it will become. Try writing some sentences of your own, or see if you can identify the subject-verb pairs in some sample sentences.

Subject-verb agreement is an important concept to master in middle school English classes. With a little bit of practice and attention to detail, you`ll be able to write clear, grammatically correct sentences that impress your teachers and classmates alike.

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